Assam Janani Suraksha Yojana:- The Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) program is an intervention for safe motherhood that falls under the purview of the National Health Mission. The initiative was first introduced on April 12, 2005, by the Honorable Prime Minister, and it is now being carried out in all of the states and Union Territories (UTs), with a particular emphasis on the Low Performing States.
The JSY is a program that is supported by the central government and offers monetary aid along with prenatal, labor and delivery, and postpartum care. Accredited social health activists, often known as ASHAs, have been deemed by the Yojana to be an efficient interface between the government and pregnant women.
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Assam Janani Suraksha Yojana Under NRHM
In the context of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), the Janani Suraksha Yojana is a safe motherhood intervention that is currently being implemented with the objective of lowering the rates of maternal and neonatal mortality by increasing the number of low-income pregnant women who give birth in hospitals. The Yojana was introduced on the 12th of April 2005 by the Honorable Prime Minister, and it is now being implemented in all states and UTs, with a particular emphasis on those with poor levels of performance.
The JSY is a program that is completely funded by the central government and combines monetary aid with care for pregnant ladies at different stages as well. The expansion of institutional delivery to low-income families will be a key factor in determining whether or not the program is successful.
The ASHA, or certified social health activist, has been recognized by the Yojana as an effective connection between the government and impoverished pregnant women in poorly performing states. These states include the 8 EAG states, as well as Assam, J&K, and the other NE States. Wherever an AWW, TBA, or ASHA-like activist has been actively working toward this goal in one of the qualifying states or UTs, she is qualified to become linked with this Yojana in order to provide the services.
NRHM Assam Janani Suraksha Yojana Objectives
The scheme is being carried out with the intention of lowering the death rates of mothers and newborns by increasing the number of low-income pregnant women who give birth in medical facilities.
Assam Janani Suraksha Yojana Benefits and Features
- The program is geared toward low-income pregnant women and provides a special exemption for states that have a low percentage of births that take place in hospitals or other medical facilities.
- Cash aid related to institutional delivery: The scheme’s benefits will be connected to prenatal checkups and hospital deliveries. Beneficiaries will be encouraged to register with health workers at sub centers/Anganwadis/primary health centers for at least 3 prenatal exams, postnatal care, and neonatal care, although improved reimbursements will be connected to institutional delivery.
- Graded cash aid: Promoting hospital births by physicians and nurses is one way to reduce maternal mortality. BPL mothers will get monetary help to deliver at hospitals.
- These states include Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Rajasthan, Orissa, and Jammu and Kashmir.
- These states have been given the designation of Low Performing States (LPS), whilst the rest of the states have indeed been given the designation of High Performing States.
- ASHA packages in rural regions comprise Rs. 300 for ANC and Rs. 300 for institutional delivery.
- Urban ASHA packages contain Rs. 200 for ANC and Rs. 200 for institutional delivery.
- If hospitalization for birth is followed promptly by Tubectomy/laparoscopy, JSY recipient will also be granted compensatory money under the Family welfare system.
- As the plan targets impoverished women who are often financially strapped, the monetary aid must be supplied as quickly as feasible so whatever money aid will be given to the beneficiary will be very fast and efficiently given.
- The providing funding authority would give each Auxiliary Nurse Midwife or Health Worker Rs. 5,000 in advance and give her permission to pay only eligible beneficiaries.
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Assam Janani Suraksha Yojana will give to the Beneficiary:
The mother and the ASHA shall obtain their due money at the health center immediately on arrival, shortly after registering for birth.
In most cases, the ANM or ASHA should be the ones to carry out the full process of payout. However, until ASHA is included, the payout might potentially be handled by AWW or any other designated link worker, under the supervision of the ANM.
NRHM Assam Janani Suraksha Yojana Eligibility
- All pregnant women deliver at government health centers, such as Sub Centers/Primary Health Centers/Community Health Care facilities Referral Units/general wards of district or state hospitals.
- For HPS: All BPL/SC/ST women who give birth in a government health center, such as a SC/PHC/CHC/FRU/general ward of a district or state hospital, will get free birth control.
- For LPS/HPS: BPL/SC/ST women in private institutions that have been approved.
Assam Janani Suraksha Yojana Registration
Each village with a population of one thousand is required to have one ASHA or an equivalent worker registered with the sub-centre and the PHC of that village, who will operate under the supervision of the ANM and in conjunction with the AWW. Under JSY, her primary responsibilities would include:
- organizing delivery care services for registered expecting mothers,
- assisting with the vaccination of newborns,
- and acting as a promoter/motivator of family planning services.