National Rural Health Mission:- In recent years, there has been an increase in the demand for healthcare services. For the vulnerable population, however, the availability and cost of such treatments have been a nightmare. With this in mind, the Indian government established the National Rural Health Mission to offer the rural population access to high-quality, reasonably priced healthcare facilities. Read below to get detailed information related to the NRHM Mission like highlights, objectives, benefits, features, strategies, eligibility criteria, strategies, the procedure to avail the benefits of the mission, and much more
About National Rural Health Mission 2023
In April 2005, India’s former prime minister introduced the National Rural Health Mission. Indian individuals frequently voice their complaints about the accessibility of healthcare services, especially in rural areas. Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child Health, and Adolescent (RMNCH+A) Services are the focus of NRHM. It focuses on creating plans to enhance mother health and child care. Its long-term objective is to offer a decentralized health delivery system that is entirely functional. To ensure health determinants including education, nutrition, sanitation, water, social equality, and others, it also attempts to create cross-sector convergence at all levels.
NRHM Mission Details in Highlights
|Name||National Rural Health Mission|
|Introduced by||Prime Minister of India|
|Introduced in||April 2005|
|Objective||To provide healthcare facilities|
National Rural Health Mission Objective
Some of the important objectives of the mission are as follows:
- To put into practice effective monitoring and assessment methodologies
- To provide the rural population with inexpensive and convenient quality healthcare
- To raise the standard of providing health services at all levels
- A functional framework for quality-assured health services
- To incorporate community-led health initiatives with facility-based treatment
- To establish a strong and reliable network of health services that rural and at-risk populations can rely on
Features of the National Rural Health Mission
Some of the key features of the NRHM Mission are as follows:
- This mission placed a lot of attention on programs that dealt with women’s and children’s health, universal immunization, etc.
- Convergence of the National Health Program at all levels of the health system is made possible by NRHM, which makes the health delivery system fully operational and accountable to the community.
- The program’s overarching goal is to strengthen the public’s access to preventive, curative, palliative, and rehabilitative treatments while also enhancing the health system as a whole. It views the health sector in the highest regard for providing top-notch services.
- Participation of community
- By improving capacity, it results in better management
- Collaboration across sectors to increase funding
- Tracking the development of the targeted standards
- Flexible financing methods to provide the best possible use of funds for the mission
Benefits of the National Rural Health Mission
Some of the key benefits of the NRHM Mission are as follows:
- Decreased mother and Infant mortality among rural residents
- Access to medical services and facilities that are both inexpensive and of high quality
- The Mobile Medical Unit serves medical crises in 450+ regions.
- Increased knowledge of emergency care among rural residents
- Greater awareness of the negative impacts of dangerous behaviors like smoking and using tobacco
- Accessible medical care for chronic and infectious disorders
- Decreases the number of persons who smoke or use tobacco
- Prenatal and postpartum treatments are provided without charge.
- Government funds will increase and upgrade the equipment.
- Made available free ambulance service
- Improved medical facilities
Strategies for National Rural Health Mission
To accomplish the goals, the NRHM Mission uses a variety of fundamental tactics which are as follows:
- Decentralization: In India, only privately held or establishments owned at the federal and state levels offer high-quality medical treatment. By enhancing the Panchayat level’s ability to manage health care, NRHM seeks to alter this equation.
- Collection of Data: To monitor and enhance the health indicators, the National Rural Health Mission uses specially devised metrics and data gathering and analysis methodologies.
- Support for public-private cooperation: The private sector is regulated at the practitioner level by NRHM to achieve cheap services. There are growing non-profit projects and public-private partnerships in targeted areas to support this.
- Utilizing human resources: To fill service shortages, NRHM places human resources like ASHAs and MPWs at strategic locations.
NRHM Mission Eligibility Criteria
The vulnerable segment of the Indian population is important to the National Rural Health Mission’s mission. In addition to Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttaranchal, it also provides services to the other eight socioeconomically disadvantaged states. Additionally, it concentrates on the rural regions of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, and the North Eastern States. Rural folks who live there permanently are eligible for and welcome to use the NRHM. This program primarily targets rural residents who are socially disadvantaged and unable to receive quality healthcare at a reasonable price.
Procedure to Avail the Benefits of National Rural Health Mission
You must be eligible to receive the advantages of the National Rural Health Mission. You must live in one of the designated regions where the NRHM will operate because the program’s goal is to provide medical services and facilities to underserved and rural communities. Once you are aware that you are eligible for NRHM Mission choose one of the following to take advantage of this rural health mission’s benefits:
- Visit the NRHM website to explore your possibilities.
- Speak with the designated ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) employee at the Anganwadi center that is closest to you.
- Call the free number 1800-180-1900 to get answers to questions and learn the status of your complaint.
Distribution of Funds
The Mission is designed as an umbrella program that includes the RCHII, the National Disease Control Missions for diseases like Malaria, TB, Kala Azar, Iodine Deficiency, Filaria, Blindness, and the Integrated Disease Surveillance Program. It also includes the existing missions of health and family welfare. At the national and state levels, a budget head for the NRHM would be established. Initially, the NRHM program would retain the Sub-Budget Head for the vertical health and family welfare missions. To comply with the requirements of the National Common Minimum Program to increase the Outlays for Public Health from 0.9% of Gross domestic product (GDP) to 2-3% of GDP, the Mission envisions an additional fund of 30% above the current Annual Budgetary Outlays, per year.
Accordingly, the mission’s expense would be decided upon during the annual budgeting process. To fund and support all Mission-related operations, the States are expected to increase their Public Health Budget contributions by at least 10% annually. The Standing Committee of Voluntary Agencies (SCOVAs) would distribute the cash to the States, with a concentration on the 18 high emphasis States, primarily in the form of Financial Envelopes.